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Tag Archives: Republic 100

Confidential Telegram of the Foreign Minister

In the weeks preceding Georgia’s declaration of independence, since 11 May 1918, Akaki Chkhenkeli, the President of the Cabinet of the Trans-Caucasus Federation and, simultaneously, its Foreign Minister is negotiating with the Ottomans in Batumi, while the military situation in and around Georgia continues to deteriorate. On 22 May, he …

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Remembering Georgia’s First Republic

by Stephen Jones: One hundred years ago, on May 26, 1918, in the midst of international conflict and Russia’s imperial collapse, members of the Georgian National Council gathered in the former Caucasian Viceroy’s palace on Golovinskii Avenue, Tbilisi’s main thoroughfare, and declared Georgia an independent republic. The Georgian National Council, …

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The Republic, Slain

It was on this day, February 25, 97 years ago, in 1921 when one of the world’s worst totalitarian Empires has forced itself on the Democratic Republic of Georgia, effectively ending its fledgling statehood. In the decades that followed, blood and tears were shed aplenty. Executions of the independent government …

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Truce: Ottomans to take Akhaltsikhe, Akhalkalaki

(Ertoba N114, 5 June, 1918) Member of the peace negotiations delegation Gr. Rtskhiladze has arrived from Batumi, to notify the government of the conditions of peace accord concluded between the Republic of Georgia and the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire takes possession of all of Akhaklakali district and all Akhaltsikhe …

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Patriarch Welcomes Independence

(Ertoba, N110, 31 May 1918) At 1 o’clock in the afternoon on 29 May, Patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Georgia Kirion II, accompanied by Bishop David and the clergy, served the Holy Mass at the Sioni Cathedral in Tbilisi, in gratitude to declaration of Georgia’s independence. After the Mass, …

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Government: Germany recognizes our independence

(Ertoba N 110, 31 May 1918) President of the Government, Noe Ramishvili reported to the Georgian National Council on 29 May: “By adopting an Act of Georgia’s independence, the National Council has put a great responsibility on the Government’s shoulders. It had to notify all states’ governments of this Act, …

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Ottomans deliver ultimatum to Tbilisi

(Ertoba N108, 29 May, 1918) In the evening of 26 May, in Batumi, representatives of the Ottoman delegation have handed the ultimatum to the Trans-Caucasus delegation, demanding from them to cede the railway for transportation of the Ottoman troops to Persia, as well as to cede two Georgian districts – …

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“How shall the anarchy be quelled?”

“Such is our view: The anarchy can only be quelled by vanquishing its causes…Truce first, then the reforms and through reforms – eradication of anarchy – such shall be our only path” writes “Ertoba” (Unity), the daily published by the Social Democratic Party. Anarchy has put deep roots in our …

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Draft law to abolish teaching of the Holy Scripture

(Tbilisi, May 22, 1918, “Ertoba”) Education Commissariat of Transcaucasus drafted the law to abolish the teaching of the Holy Scripture in the higher, secondary and primary education establishments of Transcaucasus, irrespective of them being state, public or private. The draft is being reviewed by the Seim (Parliament). According to the …

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Government troops push Bolsheviks out of Sokhumi

(Ertoba N102, 22 May 1918. Describes events of 15-17 May) Government of Transcaucasia informs: Several weeks ago, Bolsheviks have captured the district of Sokhumi together with the city of Sokhumi. As it is common to their mode of governance, they have caused the breakdown of normal life and disorganization everywhere, …

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Government troops restore order in Bandza

On 5 April 1918, the government troops headed by Valiko Jugheli have clashed with rebels and by 6 April have restored order in hamlets of Bandza and Old Senaki (in Western Georgia, historical Samegrelo province), “Ertoba” (Unity) daily writes. According to the reports the riot has started on 29 March. …

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