About Civil.ge
Eng | Geo | Rus
Last updated: 18:14 - 21 Feb.'18
RSS
Mobile
Twitter
Facebook
The Debunker: Sergey Lavrov Rewrites Soviet History
Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 24 Oct.'17 / 13:58


Sergey Lavrov in Sochi, October 16, 2017. Photo: MFA Russia

The Debunker - Civil Georgia’s new product - tracks and analyzes the disinformation on Georgia and its occupied regions. The Debunker topics are selected by Civil Georgia editorial team to meet the core themes that we cover in our articles. We then uncover legal, conceptual and technical facts underpinning the topic at hand and provide detailed analysis to our readers.

Statement

Our first entry scrutinizes the statement of Sergey Lavrov, Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation, made during his speech on the sidelines of the 19th World Festival of Youth and Students in Sochi on October 16. 

Responding to the question on the possibility of unification of South Ossetia and North Ossetia (a republic in the North Caucasus) within the Russian Federation, Sergey Lavrov posited: “in the Soviet Union, as you are aware, this was the case – there was a united Ossetia and then, it was divided into two by an arbitrary decision. Back then many things were transferred from one republic to another, including Crimea, in disregard of the Soviet Constitution.”

With that, Sergey Lavrov made a claim that at some point during the Soviet period the territory of Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia was transferred to Georgia from a supposed “united Ossetia” that existed within Russia.

Analysis

After centuries of existing within the borders of the Kingdom of Georgia, the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli, Tiflis [Tbilisi] Governorate of the Russian Empire, and, during 1918-1921, the first independent democratic republic of Georgia, the territory of modern-day Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia was occupied together with the rest of the Georgian republic by the Soviet Russian armies as a result of the Soviet-Georgian War of February-March 1921.


Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, 1922. Photo: National Archives of Georgia 

Throughout the entire Soviet period, South Ossetia existed within the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, as the country was called by the Soviet Constitution. The Soviet Union adopted three constitutions after being formally established in 1922 - in 1924, 1936 and 1977.

The Soviet Constitution of 1924 did not detail administrative units within the constituent “republics” of the USSR. Their status was regulated by the constitutions of the “republics.” In the case of Georgia, the Soviet Georgian constitution was adopted one year after the country’s occupation by the Russian Bolshevik troops - in March 1922. In its Article 1, the constitution explicitly states that “the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast” was a constituent part of the Georgian Socialist Soviet Republic.

Article 9 of the second Soviet Georgian constitution, adopted in 1927, says exactly the same thing. 


Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, 1939. Photo: National Archives of Georgia

In the constitutions of the Soviet Union of 1936 and 1977, the status of administrative units within the “republics” of the USSR is defined directly.

The Soviet Constitution of 1936 lists South Ossetia within Georgia in its Article 25. None of this constitution’s subsequent amendments, introduced between 1936 and the adoption of a new constitution in 1977, change anything in the text of Article 25.

The Soviet Constitution of 1977 also states directly that “the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast is part of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic” in Article 87. Just as was in the case of the 1936 constitution, no later amendments of the constitution of 1977 change anything regarding the status of South Ossetia, including the very last version of the Soviet Constitution adopted in December 1990.

Conclusion
 

No administrative unit encompassing both North Ossetia and Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia has ever existed - neither within the Soviet Union, nor during any other historical period.

Therefore, Sergey Lavrov’s statement has no factual basis at all, and blatantly contradicts all basic historical facts regarding the status of South Ossetia within the USSR, including all Soviet legal documents that touch upon South Ossetia.

Latest News
21 Feb.'18 18:14
Crimean Tatar Mejlis Chairman Visits Georgia
Refat Chubarov met Georgian parliamentary speaker and government minister during his stay in the country.
21 Feb.'18 16:38
President Campaigns to Engage Youth in Centennial Celebrations
Georgia will mark the centennial anniversary of restoration of its statehood on May 26, 2018.
21 Feb.'18 13:26
Foreign Minister Warns Against Visa-Waiver Abuse
Over 220,000 Georgian citizens have enjoyed visa free travel to the Schengen area.
20 Feb.'18 15:19
The Weekly Tripwire - Issue 27
Civil.ge’s news digest covering developments in Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia.
19 Feb.'18 17:53
Tbilisi City Court Releases Turkish Citizen on Bail
Mustafa Emre Çabuk has been released pending final court decision on his extradition to Turkey.
19 Feb.'18 15:49
CSOs, Media Outlets Call for Parliamentary Probe into Mukhtarli Case
The joint statement has been signed by 35 local civil society organizations and media outlets.
19 Feb.'18 14:09
Georgian PM Meets World Leaders in Munich
Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili attended the Munich Security Conference on February 16-18.
16 Feb.'18 16:58
Government Unveils New Tax Initiative for Small Businesses
According to the initiative, tax rates for small businesses will decrease fivefold.
16 Feb.'18 15:06
Georgian Economy Minister Visits Azerbaijan
Kumsishvili attended the Fourth Ministerial Meeting of Southern Gas Corridor Advisory Council. 
15 Feb.'18 17:39
Independent Agency to Investigate Crimes Committed by Law Enforcement Officers
The agency will be established in 2019, and will replace the Office of Personal Data Protection Inspector.

About Civil Georgia
Civil.Ge © 2001-2018, Daily News Online
Registered office: 2 Dolidze Str, 4-th Floor.
16